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Different Styles of Ballroom Dance

# Dance Culture


Ballroom dance is an umbrella term encompassing a wide range of dance styles, each with its unique characteristics, techniques, and cultural origins. From the elegant American Smooth to the dynamic International Latin, these dance styles offer something for everyone. In this article, we will provide an overview of the various styles of ballroom dance.

American Smooth:

American Smooth is a style of ballroom dance that includes the Waltz, Tango, Foxtrot, and Viennese Waltz. These dances are characterized by their graceful, flowing movements, and the freedom to break away from the traditional closed dance hold, allowing for more expressive and creative choreography. American Smooth dance styles have roots in European and American social dances, and they have evolved over time to incorporate elements from various dance genres such as ballet and contemporary dance.

Deep dive into American Smooth

American Rhythm:

American Rhythm is another popular ballroom dance style that encompasses the Cha-Cha, Rumba, East Coast Swing, Bolero, and Mambo. These dances are characterized by their lively rhythms, syncopated footwork, and playful, energetic movements. American Rhythm dances draw from African, Caribbean, and Latin American cultural influences, resulting in a vibrant and diverse collection of dance styles. The American Rhythm style allows for more freedom in body movement, creating a dynamic and engaging dancing experience.

Deep dive into American Rhythm

International Ballroom:

International Ballroom, also known as Standard, includes the Waltz, Tango, Viennese Waltz, Foxtrot, and Quickstep. These dance styles are characterized by their precise technique, formalized movement patterns, and emphasis on maintaining a closed dance hold throughout the routine. International Ballroom has its roots in European social dances, and it has become highly refined and standardized over time. Dancers in this style often strive for elegance, sophistication, and seamless connection with their partner.

Deep dive into International Ballroom

International Latin:

International Latin is a captivating ballroom dance style that features the Cha-Cha, Samba, Rumba, Paso Doble, and Jive. These dances are known for their expressive movements, intricate footwork, and passionate energy. International Latin dance styles have a diverse cultural background, drawing from Latin American, African, and European influences. The dance style emphasizes rhythmic body actions, sensual hip movements, and strong, dynamic choreography.

Differences Between American and International Styles: While both American and International styles share some common dance types, they differ in several ways, including:

  1. Dance Hold: American styles allow for more freedom in the dance hold, with partners often breaking away from the traditional closed position. In contrast, International styles emphasize maintaining a closed dance hold throughout the routine.
  2. Styling and Choreography: American styles tend to focus on smooth, continuous movement and creative choreography, while International styles prioritize precise techniques and standardized patterns.
  3. Body Movement: American Rhythm and International Latin styles differ in their approach to body movement, with American Rhythm allowing for more freedom and fluidity, while International Latin emphasizes sharp, rhythmic actions.
Deep dive into International Latin


The world of ballroom dance is diverse and fascinating, with various styles offering unique characteristics and cultural influences. By exploring these different dance styles, you can gain a deeper appreciation for the art of ballroom dance and discover the style that resonates most with you. Whether you're drawn to the elegance of American Smooth, the dynamic energy of International Latin, or any of the other captivating styles, ballroom dance offers a world of excitement and enjoyment for dancers of all levels and backgrounds.

Read A Comprehensive Guide to Ballroom Dancing 👈

Happy dancing!

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